In 2016, HUD launched a new approach to identifying fair housing challenges in a city and region, called the Assessment of Fair Housing (AFH). This approach encouraged communities to embrace a more comprehensive planning process, focusing on economic, as well as housing barriers. Prior to the AFH, communities accepting federal housing and community development funding from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) were required to complete an Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice, or AI.

As a condition of receiving these funds, states, counties and cities must certify that they will “Affirmatively Further Fair Housing” choice—or AFFH. The way that communities will AFFH is informed by the findings from the AI. The AFFH requirement originates from the Fair Housing Act of 1968, which requires that HUD administer programs and activities relating to housing and urban development in a manner that affirmatively furthers the policies of the Act. It is important to note that the AI (nor the AFH) is not a tool to change zoning or land use. For more on HUD’s approach to AFFH see

In January 2018, HUD suspended the AFH requirement, reverting to the AI approach. This was done to give communities more time to adjust to the new, AFH format. HUD’s notice on this suspension can be found here:

The Central Texas Fair Housing Assessment is proceeding with a Regional AI that includes many aspects of the AFH process. The overall goal of this approach is to help communities improve economic conditions for all residents, in a way that best fits the community.

The Central Texas Fair Housing Assessment AI has several components:

Community Engagement

A robust Community Engagement Process is a priority. This process is inclusive of diversity in race, ethnicity, language, culture, family status, gender identification, sexual orientation, income, religion, and housing tenure.

Demographic, Segregation/Integration & Housing Analysis

This section analyzes segregation and integration patterns and the demographic drivers of housing patterns.

Housing Analysis

This section examines differences in housing needs and housing availability for residents of different races, ethnicities, family status, and disabilities, as well as income ranges. It includes a review of land use regulations and zoning ordinances that further housing choice, and access to both publicly-supported and privately-provided housing.

Access to Opportunity Analysis

This section examines how well residents can access educational, economic, employment, and transportation opportunities and environmentally healthy communities.

Disability and Access Analysis

This section assesses the extent to which persons with disabilities live in integrated settings and how well housing providers and communities accommodate persons with disabilities.

Fair Housing Enforcement, Outreach & Resources

This section examines trends in fair housing violations as captured through legal/enforcement actions. It also assesses fair housing capacity and resources in the region.

Contributing Factors, Priorities and Goals

The AI research will examine a range of potential barriers to housing choice, including mobility barriers, displacement, gentrification, segregation, and disparities in access to opportunity. The strategies developed as part of the AI must be specific, meaningful, time bound, and express the participating partners’ commitment to AFFH.